Cardiac Sciences

The branch of science that studies diseases related to the heart and circulatory system is called cardiology. Cardiology, which was previously a sub-branch of the internal medicine department, is now a separate department.

Cardiac Sciences

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A doctor who receives medical education receives the title of cardiologist by performing his specialization in cardiology. People with symptoms such as fatigue, cyanosis, palpitations, fainting, nocturnal urination, edema, shortness of breath, chest pain are treated in the cardiology department.

The main job of the heart is to pump blood throughout the body. If the heart cannot pump enough blood for various reasons, heart failure occurs. Here are the main treatments that are performed by RECMED’s expert doctors for the heart and circulatory system health:

Cardiac Valve Replacement

Heart valve diseases, which are common especially in Turkey and the nearby geography, threaten the quality of life of more and more people with the changing living conditions.

Cardiac valve-related diseases can be life-threatening if preventive measures are not taken, and successful results can be achieved with correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment. With heart valve-related diseases, the repair or replacement of heart valves is called cardiac valve replacement.

Cardiac valve diseases increase the load on the heart, the heart muscle is forced, and the functions of the heart deteriorate. For this reason, cardiac valve replacement or repair is performed.

Pacemaker Implantation Surgery

In pacemaker implantation surgery, surgeons place a device called a pacemaker that regulates heart rate and rhythm in the heart.

In the transvenous method, a small incision is made near your collarbone, and electrodes are moved through a vein towards the heart. The tip of each lead is placed near the inner wall of the heart (endocardium).

In the thoracotomy approach, your chest is opened and thin oval patches made of rubber and wire mesh are sewn to the outside of the heart (epicardium). These patches are attached to the leads. Opening the chest in the sternotomy approach is similar to a thoracotomy.

The difference is that the incision is made over the breastbone (sternum) and the electrodes are advanced to the heart. The subxiphoid approach is also similar to a thoracotomy. However, the incision is made slightly to the left of the breastbone (sternum).


Coronary angioplasty is an operation to open the diseased vessel. Balloon application is applied to the diseased vein.

This process provides the opening of stenosis and blockages in the heart vessels. Thus, the obstacle in front of the blood flow needed by the heart is removed and the blocked or narrowed part is enlarged. This procedure is called coronary angioplasty.

For coronary angioplasty, the age of the patients, the structure of the heart vessels, the presence of diabetes, kidney failure, or cardiac valve disease are evaluated. Angioplasty should be performed to improve the symptoms of the clogged vessel such as chest pain and shortness of breath.

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG

Coronary artery bypass or coronary artery bypass vaccination is the bypassing of one or more blocked coronary arteries by grafting their blood vessels.

To restore normal blood flow to the heart, bypass surgery somehow helps bypass clogged arteries. For this, veins taken from the patient are used, taken from elsewhere in the body, and transplanted to bypass the occluded part.

Heart Double Valve Replacement

Heart valves are structures that open and close with each heartbeat, properly directing the blood flow within the heart chambers.

There are four heart valves: mitral, aortic, tricuspid, and pulmonary valves. Heart valve disease occurs as a result of the deterioration of the heart valve structure and its inability to function.

Disease in the valves can develop in two ways, narrowing and/or failure of the valve (backward leakage of blood). The causes of valvular diseases are diverse such as genetics, advanced age, infection, and heart muscle diseases.

Heart valve diseases can be asymptomatic for many years. Because valve diseases are mechanical problems, they cannot be treated with drugs. Drug treatments can only lead to the progression of the disease or the relief of symptoms. Heart valve diseases usually progress slowly, but in advanced levels, they can lead to heart failure, stroke, arrhythmia, and sometimes sudden death.

For this reason, it is necessary to determine the valve surgery time by monitoring the valve patients with echocardiography at intervals. In the long term, surgical intervention for the heart valve will be required, this may be in the form of repair or replacement of the valve completely.

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